Groundbreaking computer software to improve UK resilience to extreme events
06 Jul 2017



A powerful computer system capable of revolutionising the UK’s ability to plan for extreme events, such as flooding and power outages, is being designed as part of a government scheme to make the nation’s infrastructure more resilient.



Credit: FPRO /​

​It is estimated that inadequate infrastructure costs the UK £2million a day, and extreme events can cost hundreds of millions more.

To make the nation's vital systems more adaptable to such changing circumstances, the UK Government has invested £138million in a project called UKCRIC (UK Collaboratorium for Research in Infrastructure & Cities),  which will see state-of-the-art new facilities established at 11 universities. These systems provide essential services such as energy, transport, digital communications, water supply, flood protection, and wastewater and solid waste collection, treatment and disposal.

As part of UKCRIC, £8million has been invested in the Data and Analytics Facility for National Infrastructure (DAFNI). DAFNI is being designed and developed over the next four years by the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) at its Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in Didcot, Oxfordshire, and will provide access to massive secure data storage, fast computer performance and the next generation in systems visualisation. It will provide new software to enable significant advances in infrastructure systems research creating unprecedented opportunities to transform infrastructure services and pave the way for a more sustainable future.

Professor Jim Hall from Oxford University, the principal investigator for the project, said: “DAFNI will put the UK in a unique position to analyse the infrastructure systems upon which we all depend, helping to improve performance and pinpoint vulnerabilities. The future of our economy, society and environment depends on the right choices being made for energy and transport systems, digital communications, water supply and flood risk management. DAFNI will provide researchers and decision makers with unique capabilities to analyse system performance and make wise investments.  

“It's great to work with STFC and our other university partners on this project, which is pushing the boundaries of the nation's current large-scale computing capabilities.

“Over the coming years we are going to be bringing together business, government bodies and research organisations to collaboratively deliver this unique national capability.

“I am delighted to be leading a team of remarkable minds on this ground-breaking programme. It is a really exciting time for computational science, and I'm excited to see just how much we can achieve over the next four years."

Funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, which is providing £125million of support for UKCRIC, DAFNI will offer globally unique software which will allow researchers to study complex infrastructure systems in cities, such as sewage systems or transportation networks.

Dr Erica Yang, Head of Visual Analytics and Imaging Systems at STFC's Scientific Computing Department (SCD) and STFC DAFNI project director, said: “SCD brings in a wealth of experience and expertise in delivering large-scale research infrastructure for major UK and international collaborations.

“By locating DAFNI at STFC's Rutherford Appleton Laboratory and making massive value-added data and compute resources available, the UKCRIC community will benefit and exploit the well-established infrastructure development expertise of SCD. Working with the highly interdisciplinary community, the Department will become the nation's data intensive science hub for infrastructure systems' research, underpinning the sustainable growth and development of globally unique large-scale data intensive analytics facility driven by the needs of leading UK academics and industrialists in the field."

Work on DAFNI began today at the four-year project's official launch as stakeholders were invited to a joint DAFNI-Innovate UK organised launch event at the Future Cities Catapult in London, as part of the consultation process. This is a critical step in the project, as it will help to decide how DAFNI is designed and set up.

At the event, the project team discussed the benefits that DAFNI's advanced capabilities will offer to the UK innovation and research community and began a year-long consultation with users from research, business and policy on the best way to design and deliver DAFNI so it can deliver practical applications which best address the challenges faced by society.

The event also introduced an initial set of pilot projects which will be jointly developed by DAFNI university partners and STFC's SCD to kick start the development process.

Peter Oliver, project sponsor within SCD, said: “DAFNI is a strategically important project for SCD and is an evolution from systems we've designed and built for climate and earth system sciences (JASMIN), Particle Physics (GridPP Tier1) and our activities in supporting STFC's Facilities and Diamond Light Source. I'm proud to be the project sponsor for DAFNI in SCD and I'm excited by the opportunity to work with the UKCRIC community."


Notes to editors

Working with partners, STFC will be leading the design and development of DAFNI software, hardware, and data system technology stacks, an integral secure infrastructure that includes the next generation National Infrastructure Database (NID), Modelling, Simulation, and Visualisation Facility (MSVF), and DAFNI compute infrastructure.

It will offer researchers three types of secure access to integrated NIDMSVF platform, including:
i) remote data and compute resource access and integration;
ii) DAFNI software toolbox; and
iii) direct access to integrated data and compute infrastructure capabilities.

These will support a variety of research themes in infrastructure systems, including, to name a few, energy system modelling, water demand modelling, and transport demand modelling, as well as interdependent infrastructure system network investment planning, efficiency evaluation, and resilience analysis and assessment.

The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
As the main funding agency for engineering and physical sciences research, our vision is for the UK to be the best place in the world to Research, Discover and Innovate.By investing £800 million a year in research and postgraduate training, we are building the knowledge and skills base needed to address the scientific and technological challenges facing the nation. Our portfolio covers a vast range of fields from healthcare technologies to structural engineering, manufacturing to mathematics, advanced materials to chemistry. The research we fund has impact across all sectors. It provides a platform for future economic development in the UK and improvements for everyone's health, lifestyle and culture. We work collectively with our partners and other Research Councils on issues of common concern via Research Councils UK.

The Science and Technology Facilities Council is keeping the UK at the forefront of international scince and tackling some of the most significant challenges facing society such as meeting our future energy needs, monitoring and understanding climate change, and global security. The Council has a broad science portfolio and works with the academic and industrial communities to share its expertise in materials science, space and ground-based astronomy technologies, laser science, microelectronics, wafer scale manufacturing, particle and nuclear physics, alternative energy production, radio communications and radar.
STFC operates or hosts world class experimental facilities including in the UK the ISIS pulsed neutron source, the Central Laser Facility, and LOFAR, and is also the majority shareholder in Diamond Light Source Ltd.
STFC enables UK researchers to access leading international science facilities by funding membership of international bodies including European Laboratory for Particle Physics (CERN), the Institut Laue Langevin (ILL), European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO). STFC is one of seven publicly-funded research councils. It is an independent, non-departmental public body of the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS).

Useful web links
More information on the launch event

Contact: O'Sullivan, Marion (STFC,RAL,SC)